Historically, the Chinese publishing industry has been tightly regulated, with most publishers either funded or operated by the government. Since 1979, there have been gradual reforms permitting limited private investments and foreign participation in certain areas. While foreign content has been welcomed to an extent, its influence is kept within strict limits due to the government’s concerns over excessive cultural influence from abroad. This guide outlines the regulatory authorities and key legislation governing the publishing and printing industry, with discussions on periodicals, books and electronic publications.